The wisdom tooth is one of the last 4 teeth which grow last, long after the other 28 have fully grown. These teeth are known as third molars. Unlike the other teeth, the wisdom teeth removal is different because they find the gum and jaw have already formed.
As a result of this, the teeth grow out of alignment with others. The twist or grow on the side of the gum. Some with an impacted wisdom tooth will suffer from swelling in the area as the tooth tries o force its way through the gum. When this happens, the wisdom teeth removal has to be carried out.
The lack of space in the gum causes the wisdom tooth to grow at an odd angle. The pain will be intense and surgery will be the only way to go. There are some tell-tale signs which should prompt you to find an urgent medical solution.
Pain or discomfort
When you experience consistent pain or discomfort in the mouth, one should seek medical attention so that the tooth could be removed. If this is not done, the tooth could give you sleepless nights.
The tooth could start to decay when holes form inside the tooth. Food particles are deposited in the space. If not removed on time, the decay would be inevitable.
The periodontal diseases may result because of the toxins are released by the plaque. The gum swells, reddens and becomes infected. The only way to solve this problem is to have the wisdom teeth removal.
Infection of the soft tissue
There is a condition known as Pericoronits. The condition arises when plaque leads to an infection of these tissues. The problem can be treated by having the infected wisdom tooth removed.
Failure to remove the impacted wisdom tooth could lead to an infection in the throat, cheek or the tongue. This condition is known as cellulites.
The infected tooth accumulates some pus or the condition that we call abscess. When you start producing foul smelling pus in the tooth, it is also infected by bacteria. The only way to prevent it from getting worse is to have it removed as soon as possible.
Delay or failure to carry out wisdom teeth removal could to formation of cysts and other types of growth. These are swellings filled with fluids. They rarely occur but when they do, they could cause several problems.
There are many other ways in which all the above problems could be treated while the teeth are intact. Use of antiseptic as a mouthwash will kill bacteria in the mouth. There are also antibiotics which are strong enough to kill all the bacteria and prevent all these conditions.
However, you will find that these may not always occur. In such cases, it is highly advisable to have your wisdom tooth removed.
The procedure is carried out by a specialist through a surgical operation. An x-ray will be taken to locate the position of the tooth before removal.